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Every athlete fears the common “pop” associated with ACL injury. Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of the most important ligaments supporting your knee. ACL injury is commonly observed in sports that include sudden jumping, change in direction, or landing, such as basketball, football, and soccer. 

According to the Canadian Academy of Sport and Exercise Medicine (CASEM), a quarter of a million ACL injuries occur every year in Canada. The good news is, with adequate prevention methods, this injury can be mitigated. 

Let’s have a look at ACL injury some ways to prevent it.

What is ACL injury?

Your knee is supported by four rope like structures, also known as ligaments. These ligaments provide stability and strength to the knee joint. ACL is responsible for rotation of the knee and forward movement of the shin bone. 

Injury of this ligament is often associated with buckling of knee, a distinct pop, swelling and pain, and inability to stand on the affected leg.

The Best Ways to Prevent ACL Injuries

Although ACL tear can happen anytime and to anyone, certain precautions will help to prevent it. Some techniques to prevent ACL injuries include:

Nourish Your Ligament

Adequate hydration and nutrition will keep your ligaments strong and healthy. Include colourful vegetables and fruits in your diet, as well as nuts, lean protein, and legumes. This will help to provide adequate calcium and proteins required to sustain any form of injury. 

Strengthening Exercises

Hamstrings, a group of muscles in the upper part of your leg, play an important role in ACL injuries. Strengthening exercises, such as stability ball hamstring curls, squats and lunges, and deadlifts are some great options to make your hamstrings sturdy. 

Lower the Impact

Individuals with a history of knee injury or older adults are at an increased risk of ACL tear. Training exercises, such as pool training, helps to lower the impact of movement on your knee. 

Practice Safe Landing Techniques

Improper landing technique is the commonest cause of ACL tear. A good landing technique involves:

  • Bending the knees
  • Landing on both feet
  • Keeping knees at shoulder distance when you land

Focus on Improving Balance

ACL injuries are often associated with a sudden change of direction or faulty landing techniques. Improving balance can prevent abnormal pivots and twists responsible for ACL tear. Improved balance can also improve your reaction time and resilience.

Wear Proper Footwear

Ill-fitting footwear can alter your balance and increase the risk of twists and movements that can cause ACL tear. Wear a proper fitting pair of shoes to prevent any risk of injury.

Consult a Physiotherapist

A physiotherapist will help you to understand any musculoskeletal vulnerabilities. You may be recommended some exercises to improve the strength of those weak parts. They can also help you understand if the range of movement of your joint is normal or any underlying disorder is hampering it. In case the joints are not moving properly, you may be advised therapies and exercise to improve them, which will help to prevent injuries. 

Of note, consult a doctor immediately in case of an ACL tear. Anterior cruciate ligament injury treatment includes surgery and physiotherapy. 

Know more about ACL injury treatment options in Ottawa.


The Ontario Physiotherapy Association is currently running a campaign called #PhysioHelpsLives to educate Ontarians about physiotherapy.

Muslim Link spoke to physiotherapists Mohamed Fouda and Keltouma Nouah. Fouda is the manager of Prime Physio Plus Clinic in Ottawa and Nouah is a recent graduate of the University of Ottawa’s Master in Physiotherapy program who works at the Prime Physio Plus Clinic. We asked them about physiotherapy’s benefits, why more Muslims should consider seeing a physiotherapist, and why Muslim youth should consider a career in physiotherapy.

Physiotherapy is a physical means to treat health problems. Best known for treating issues such as muscle pain, Fouda explains that it can also help in many other ways, “It can help people who are having breathing problems, like asthma. Some dermatological problems require phototherapy. Other issues may be treated with hydrotherapy, so you work with the patient in a pool. If you have back problems, we can use spinal decompression.”

While accepted as a mainstream form of medical treatment, it differs in its approach to healing, “We try to use as little intrusive means as possible to heal the patient. So we don’t use medication, we don’t use injections,” Nouah states.

Physiotherapists use a combination of methods to heal the patient. Treatments can include massage therapy, which is used for soft tissue pain and tightness, but that is just one of many treatments. Other treatments might involve the use of heat, cold, electrical currents, ultrasounds or even acupuncture.

Both Nouah and Fouda find that many people think of physiotherapy as just massage. “People just expect us to massage them,” says Fouda,”They have knee pain, back pain, neck pain and they think their only option is gentle massage. People don’t realize that a lot of different techniques could be used to help them.”

Despite growing up in Canada, Nouah herself was not aware of physiotherapy until three years before she applied for the program, “I heard the term but I didn’t really know what we did.”Something that physiotherapy might not be traditionally associated with is pregnancy. It can help during pregnancy with back, neck, and knee pain, but it can also help mothers during labour and after birth. “There are also techniques you can use to help with a smoother delivery and that can also reduce pain during delivery. You also have a condition called diastasis recti, so this is when the muscles of the belly have so much pressure on them that they separate and your stomach pushes out. This condition can be treated by physiotherapy,” explains Nouah. Fouda points out that physiotherapy can also help with issues after birth such as incontinence or uterine prolapse.In addition to helping with many different health conditions, physiotherapy can also play a role in preventative medicine—to help prevent certain conditions or injuries. Fouda stresses the importance of addressing health issues early on, “For example, if you have shoulder pain, you go to a physiotherapist to get it check out because it could develop into a condition called frozen shoulder that means you can’t move your shoulder at all. But that condition could be avoided just with very simple exercises if you get assessed early enough.”

For Nouah, she would like to see more Muslim women using physiotherapy, “I find that Muslim women, it doesn’t matter what culture we are from, we don’t seem to take care of our bodies all that well and we ignore the fact that there are ways to treat pain; we don’t have to just be patient with it. You can be patient with other things, but not your pain. It is important to know that physiotherapy can help. There are women physiotherapists who can help you. Often we have a lot of clients who are uncomfortable going to any other clinic; they like coming here because they know that they can definitely get served by a female physiotherapist, we offer privacy for women. We can serve them in Arabic if they need that. “

“If you have discomfort, check it out before it gets worse,” Fouda recommends, “Sometimes you go to the doctor for an issue and they can’t treat it or they just give you pain medication, but that doesn’t really address the problem. But you can also come into a physio clinic, get yourself assessed, it doesn’t take that long, and we can figure out what treatment is best for you.”

Physiotherapy also involves developing exercise plans for patients. Fouda states that patients have an active role in physiotherapy, “You have to be active in your treatment if you want to see improvement. That is why we create exercise plans and it is so important that people follow through with them.”

Typically, Nouah explains, patients tend not to leave the clinic without exercises, “We always try to tailor it to the patient’s time, what they are capable of, and also how much pain they are in. But we want to help people be able to handle their conditions outside of the clinic. We are not trying to get people to come to our clinic every day for the rest of their lives. We want you to come in, we work with you, we bring down your pain level, but we also give you the tools so you can manage your condition at home so that you won’t always have to see us. Although we would love to see you again!”

So, why consider becoming a physiotherapist? For Nouah, she discovered physio by volunteering at a physio clinic near her home. She loved it and realized that the Muslim community is not as diverse as it could be when it comes to careers, “It is either be a doctor, be a lawyer, be an engineer, be a teacher if we are really pushing it. But that doesn’t make us a strong community. It is better if we have someone in our community who does every job, so they can be a go to person, a resource.

But in the Muslim community, particularly if you wear hijab, it is like we feel some careers are off limits for us. Because physiotherapy is seen as involving a lot of touching, I think some people may see it as a taboo for us to go into it. But the reality is that there is more touching in medicine. And the way I see it, I want to help people, and I feel that physiotherapy is really needed and it can help a lot more people at this time because of the type of conditions we are seeing people develop, particularly as they age.”

The Master program in physiotherapy that Nouah just graduate from is the first of its kind here in Canada. Anatomy, exercise prescription, and rehabilitation are just part of the program. They also focus on the cardiovascular and respiratory systems to help people breathe better, on the nervous system to support conditions such as MS or Parkinson’s, and on geriatrics to help people as they age. The last year of the program includes a lot of clinical work to provide sufficient hands-on experience for students.

Nouah, who wears hijab, discusses the challenges she had while studying physiotherapy, “It is never not awkward when you wear hijab and are pursuing a career where there are not many women who wear hijab. But my professors were very supportive,” she shares, “You just have to know who you are and be a strong person. As part of our program, you have to do rounds and placements in hospitals so I can’t tell a patient, ‘I’m sorry, I can’t treat you because you are a man.’ As a healthcare professional, you can’t discriminate because of gender. If you want to be a good practitioner you need to know everybody type, you need to know what feels right or what doesn’t feel right and unless you are touch, you won’t know.”

Nouah is glad she has pursued this career because she feels it puts more Muslim women at ease who need physio treatment to receive services from another Muslim woman. “ I speak Arabic and French, as well as English, so I can offer them the support they need as a trained professional who also understand the language and the culture,” she explains.

In Ontario, most private healthcare plans including Ontario Auto Insurers and workplace injury claims cover physiotherapy. But to be eligible for physiotherapy treatment under the Ontario Health Insurance Plan (OHIP), you do have to meet certain criteria.

For Fouda, this is a concern, “But what about the people who don’t meet these criteria and don’t have the money to pay for treatment? I was able to apply to be covered to treat newly arrived Syrian refugees because many of them need physiotherapy. But we need to find a way to make physiotherapy more widely available for those who need it because it can help so many people.”

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We will start with identifying the cause of the problem, not only the symptoms. We can then design a tailor-made treatment plan that will help you recover in the shortest period of time, so you can get back to enjoying your life to the fullest.

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