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18/Jul/2019

The pelvic floor is made up of a layer of muscles covering the bottom of the pelvis that supports the bladder and bowel in men and bladder, bowel and womb in women. Pelvic floor dysfunction(PFD) constitute a health problem affecting a lot of men and women around the world. A person may be referred to pelvic floor physical therapy to treat incontinence, difficulty with urination or bowel movements, constipation, chronic pelvic pain, and painful intercourse.

Symptoms of pelvic floor dysfunction

Pelvic floor dysfunction is caused by muscles or dysfunction. Some of the symptoms include:

  • Urinary incontinence This happens when the pelvic floor muscles cannot support the bladder.
  • Fecal incontinence The inability to control bowel movements or causing stool to leak unexpectedly from the rectum.
  • Constipation Another common pelvic floor condition is constipation that does not respond to laxatives and other standard treatments. In most cases, the cause is either slow fecal transit or a pelvic floor obstruction.

Exercise for pelvic floor dysfunction

People suffering from pelvic floor dysfunction can perform various physiotherapy exercises to strengthen their pelvic floor, and enhance bowel and bladder control. Some of the exercises include:

Kegel exercises

Kegel exercises focuses on tightening and holding the muscles that control urine flow. You may benefit from kegels if experience urine leakage from laughing, jumping ,sneezing or coughing.

A Kegel exercise consists of the following steps:

  • Sit in a comfortable position
  • Visualize the muscles that control your bladder.
  • Contract these muscles for 5 seconds. And then release for several seconds.
  • Repeat this exercise 10 times daily.

Squeeze and release

The rapid “squeeze and release” movement that builds the ability of the pelvic floor muscles to respond quickly.

This exercise consists of the following steps:

  • Sit in a comfortable position and visualize the pelvic floor muscles.
  • Squeeze the muscles as quickly as possible and release it.
  • Repeat this for 10 to 20 times, resting for 3-5 seconds in between.
  • Repeat the exercise twice in a day.

Bridge 

While bridges primarily strengthen the buttocks, they also help work the pelvic floor.

A bridge exercise  consists of the following steps :

  • Lie down on your back, with knees bent at a 90 degree angle, and place your feet flat on the floor,while your arms resting besides you on both sides facing downward.
  • Push your upper body through your heels, raising your hips from the ground. Your upper body and shoulders should be resting on the floor forming a straight line down from the knees.
  • Hold that position for 1 second and then return to the starting position.
  • Repeat up to 10 times.

Squat

  • A squat consists of the following steps:
  • Stand in a straight position with your feet hip-width apart, keeping them flat on the floor.
  • Bend the knees, pushing your butt and hip and keep going only as low as is comfortable. Keep the back straight and your knees in line with the toes.
  • Straighten your legs and return to the standing position.
  • Complete 10 reps. Remember it’s important to rest before starting a new set.

Benefits of pelvic floor physiotherapy

  • We highly recommend that you seek the advice of a physiotherapist with a special interest in pelvic floor. Good results take time and with the help of a physiotherapist it will take less time with the right advice.
  • In order to build up your pelvic floor muscles, it is important to work hard at the exercises under the guidance of your pelvic floor physiotherapist.
  • A pelvic floor physiotherapist is an important part of the multi-disciplinary team managing bladder and bowel health, sexual difficulties and pelvic pain.

Prime Physio Plus’ Pelvic Floor Rehabilitation Program includes treatment for men and women with urinary or fecal incontinence, urgency/frequency of urination, and/or pain in the pelvic region. Physical therapists at the Clinic are specially trained to rehabilitate the pelvic floor muscles. The therapist evaluates each individual and develops a plan of care.


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11/Jun/2019

The precise reason behind pelvic pain for most women can be unidentifiable, irrespective of any examinations or scans. In a few cases, the symptoms are associated with a problem that is often overlooked. Pelvic pain may arise from a pelvic floor muscle condition that can be aided by a particular form of physical therapy known as the pelvic physical therapy.

What are the Pelvic Floor Muscles?

The floor of the pelvis includes multiple layers of muscle and other tissues. These layers stretch like a hammock from the tailbone at the back to the pubic bone in the front. When your pelvic floor muscles are unable to control themselves, it is known as pelvic floor dysfunction.

What are Pelvic Floor Conditions?

The pelvic floor conditions comprise of the following:

  • Stress Incontinence,
  • Urge Incontinence,
  • Overactive bladder,
  • Ante-natal Care,
  • Post-natal Care,
  • Vaginal Collapse,
  • Pelvic Pain,
  • Fecal Incontinence, and
  • Bowel Conditions, such as Constipation.

Why Do the Pelvic Floor Muscles Weaken in Women?

The pelvic floor muscles in women can be weakened due to the following factors:

  • Pregnancy and Childbirth;
  • Persistent Constipation;
  • Repetitive Heavy Lifting;
  • A Chronic Cough (Smoker’s Cough, Acute Bronchitis, Asthma, etc.);
  • Hormonal Imbalance at;
  • Surgery (E.g. Prostate or Episiotomy); Weak Core Muscle Strength; and A Lack of General Fitness.

What is Pelvic Floor Physiotherapy?

In order to maintain the strength of pelvic floor muscles, it becomes important for both women and men of all ages to reap the benefits of pelvic floor physiotherapy and rehabilitate the weakened muscles. It can help not only with the pain but also reduce symptoms of other conditions caused by pelvic floor problems, such as urinary and fecal incontinence, painful intercourse, and sexual dysfunction. Relaxing tapered and compressed muscles can help ease pain in the pelvic floor, just as it would in other muscles in the body.

Although many women might find pelvic physical therapy unusual and offensive, it can be quite effective. The effectiveness of the therapy will always depend on the severity of the case. It can also serve as additional therapy and does not always have to be the only treatment option.

Pelvic Floor Physiotherapy Techniques

Education: A patient should be aware of his/her pelvic anatomy and how different components work alone and together. They should also have knowledge of how their habits and hygiene affect their symptoms.

Pelvic Floor Exercises: Exercises involving contraction and relaxation of pelvic floor muscles in relation to other muscles are a must. Few breathing and timing techniques that make the exercises more effective are also taught. Such exercises can assist them in stretching the constricted muscles, strengthen the weak ones, and improve flexibility.

Manual Therapy: A physical therapist may use hands-on massage or stretching to help with posture, blood circulation, and mobility.

Pelvic floor physical therapy may be part of a treatment plan involving primary care physicians, sex therapists, and mental health professionals.

If you wish to undergo pelvic physical therapy, then we at Prime Physio Plus Physiotherapy Clinic are just a call away!


About Us

We aim to remove your pain and develop personalized treatments while maintaining up-to date practices provided by our qualified experts. It is through dedication and a cohesive team of energetic and educated individuals that we will continue to uphold this vision.

Initial assessment

We will start with identifying the cause of the problem, not only the symptoms. We can then design a tailor-made treatment plan that will help you recover in the shortest period of time, so you can get back to enjoying your life to the fullest.

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