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Enjoy getting curled in your bed with a heating pad to get relief from this long-standing ordeal of pain? If yes, physiotherapy can come at your rescue. 

While pain is a healthy response of your body to any injury, chronic pain may interfere with your daily activities.  It can also affect your sleep pattern and work. Incidence of chronic pain, such as back pain and pain associated with arthritis, is commoner than what you may expect. It affects almost 18.9% individuals in Canada. 

Physiotherapy may come handy while managing chronic pain. It improves the stability of the joints and flexibility of the muscles. Exercise may seem like sheer torture, but it is one of the best and permanent solutions for chronic pain that is associated with musculoskeletal problems. Let’s understand the role of physiotherapy in chronic pain.

What is Chronic Pain?

Any pain that lasts longer than 3 months is considered as chronic pain. In a majority of the cases, pain is not aggravated due to the progression of the underlying condition.  Instead, it is due to succumbing yourself to the vicious cycle. Anyone facing pain tends to avoid anything that triggers pain and prefers to rest. Unfortunately, rest leads to weakness and stiffness, further worsening the condition.

Inability to carry out daily activities also results in a lowered self-esteem. Disturbed sleep and medications may further contribute to low mood.

Role of Physiotherapy in Chronic Pain

Your physiotherapist will work with you to understand your pain, what causes it, and how to manage it. Based on your problem, you will be advised techniques to take control of your pain, such as coping strategies, pain education, pacing activities, relaxation and sleep hygiene. It involves retraining your brain and mind. Benefits of physiotherapy involve:

  • Enhanced flexibility
  • Increased strength
  • Better mood
  • Improved endurance
  • Stronger cardiovascular system.
Some of the therapies for relieving chronic pain are:
  • Strengthening exercises: Here your therapist will use your body weight or resistance bands to strengthen your muscles. Some examples of exercises include squats, lunges, and push-ups. You may be recommended exercises to strengthen your core muscles, such as gluts, belly, and back, as well as other muscles of the body.
  • Low-impact exercises: These exercises will help to speed up your heart rate while being easy on your joints. Depending on your condition, the physiotherapist will suggest low-impact exercises, such as walking fast or using a stationary bike. These exercises are usually to done before strengthening exercises.
  • Pain-relieving exercises: The therapist will target affected areas to make them more flexible, which reduces pain and improves movement.
  • Stretching exercises: You will be trained to stretch your muscles without overexerting them.
  • Ultrasound and TENS: Ultrasound transmits sound waves to the affected area. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, on the other hand, sends out a low-voltage electric current to the skin overlying the painful area. Both therapies work by blocking pain messages from reaching your brain.
  • Massage: It helps to improve the blood circulation and thus boosts the functioning of muscles and tissues. Of note, massage should be avoided in the affected area, and thus it’s a good idea to get it done from a therapist.
Know more about balance exercises for elderly

Heat and ice applications are also useful for chronic pain. The heat warms up your muscles and improves their movement, while ice lowers inflammation. Micro-current stimulation, cold laser therapy, and manipulation of bones and joints are also useful. 

So, physiotherapy not only helps you to manage a physical complaint of pain, but also helps the body to heal itself.

Find physical therapy clinic in Ottawa.


Misinterpreted as well as mismanaged, lower back pain is a significant cause of agony and distress for many across the world. Though common and recurrent in nature, it is definitely not very severe. Before we learn about how physiotherapy aids in treating back pain, here’s the up-to-date knowledge on the ailment.

What Causes Lower Back Pain?


Strenuous physical activity can result in stretching or tearing of muscles and ligaments in the lower back. It is usually characterized by pain and soreness in the affected area, and even, muscle cramps.

Disc Injury

As we age, the risk for the discs in the back to get injured, increase. Some frequent disc injuries include a herniated disc and compression of the nerve root. They occur unexpectedly after lifting something or twisting the back. The pain can usually span across for more than 72 hours.


Sciatica generally follows when the herniated disc presses on the sciatic nerve. Since the sciatic nerve links the spine to the legs, this ailment can cause shooting pain in the legs as well.

Spinal Stenosis

This condition is identified by narrowing of the spinal column that applies pressure on the spinal cord and spinal nerves. Spinal Stenosis is a common development of degeneration of the discs between the vertebrae. Its symptoms tend to worsen while standing or walking.

Abnormal Spine Curvatures

Scoliosis, kyphosis, and lordosis result in abnormal curvatures in the spine. These ingrained conditions are first diagnosed when patients are children or teenagers. The curvature puts pressure on the muscles, tendons, ligaments, and vertebrae causing pain and feeble postures.

Other Factors

Conditions like arthritis, fibromyalgia, spondylitis, osteoporosis, and spondylosis comprise factors that generate lower back pain symptoms.

Symptoms of Lower Back Pain

One of the major symptoms is an ache in the lower side of the back that sometimes even travels to the buttocks and legs. The pain usually goes away without any medical treatment, but if it is persistent with the following symptoms, you need to see a doctor:

  • Weight loss,
  • Fever,
  • Inflammation or swelling on the back,
  • Continuous back pain, where lying down or resting does not help,
  • Pain down the legs,
  • A recent injury, blow or trauma to the lower back,
  • Difficulty in Urination,
  • Loss of control over bowel movements,
  • Numbness around the genitals, and
  • Sore buttocks and anus

How Can You Prevent Lower Back Pain?

To lower the risk of developing back pain include the following factors:

  • Establish an exercise routine.
  • Quit smoking!
  • Maintain your body weight as per the BMI.
  • Perfect your posture alignment, while both, standing and sitting.
  • Use the correct lifting techniques.
  • Do not lift and twist at the same time.
  • Wear flat shoes to avoid straining the lower back. Ensure back support while driving.

How Does Physiotherapy Treat Lower Back Pain?

Early treatment that focuses on exercise, mechanics, and posture is the key to reducing your pain and returning to an active lifestyle. To relieve your lower back pain, a physical therapist will design a treatment plan pertaining to your explicit problem, based on a systematic investigation. The sooner you visit the physiotherapist, the more effective will be the treatment. Based on your examination, the best treatment for lower back pain shall revolve around the following:

  • Manual Therapy (Mobilization of the Joints in Your Back): Physiotherapists accomplished in manual therapy customize accurate hands-on procedures to relieve stiffness and improve the affected spine joints and muscles by initiating movement.
  • Movement Exercises: In order to reinstate the lost motion and lessen the prickling pain, most physiotherapists prescribe these exercises, using a protocol called the McKenzie method. If your pain is enduring, physiotherapy is a must for you. Along with the first two options, chronic low back pain is best managed with progressive strengthening exercises.
  • Progressive Strengthening Exercises: These usually highlight stability and endurance. A comprehensive assessment analyzing the kind of pain, how it occurred, how to better it and what makes it worse will let the physiotherapist prescribe the right treatment option for you.

If you are undergoing lower back pain, then book an appointment with us at Prime Physio Plus Physiotherapy Clinic without any further delay.

About Us

We aim to improve your pain and develop personalized treatments while maintaining up-to date practices provided by our qualified experts. It is through dedication and a cohesive team of energetic and educated individuals that we will continue to uphold this vision.

Initial assessment

We will start with identifying the cause of the problem, not only the symptoms. We can then design a tailor-made treatment plan that will help you recover in the shortest period of time, so you can get back to enjoying your life to the fullest.

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